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“This is the most complex brain-to-brain experiment, I think, that’s been done to date in humans.For the research, two people played a game similar to ’20 questions’ — a parlour game where you have to guess what object the other person is thinking of.
It uses conscious experiences through signals that are experienced visually, and it requires two people to collaborate.”
“Evolution has spent a colossal amount of time to find ways for us and other animals to take information out of our brains and communicate it to other animals in the forms of behavior, speech and so on.The study was published in the journal PLOS ONE (Stocco et al., 2015)
But it requires a translation.
We can only communicate part of whatever our brain processes.
What we are doing is kind of reversing the process a step at a time by opening up this box and taking signals from the brain and with minimal translation, putting them back in another person’s brain.”
|Received:||19 January 2015|
|Accepted:||11 September 2015|
|Published:||21 September 2015|
|Epworth Authors:||Ponsford, Jennie|
|Other Authors:||Alway, Yvette|
|Keywords:||Monash-Epworth Rehabilitation Research Centre, Epworth Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Posttraumatic Stress Disorders
Quality of Life
Recovery of Function
Traumatic Brain Injury
Patient Outcome Assessment
Assessment, Patient Outcomes
Outcomes Assessments, Patient
|Publisher:||Wiley Online Library|
|Citation:||Depression and Anxiety 2015 Jul 28|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: This study prospectively examined the relationship between preinjury, injury-related, and postinjury factors and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: Two hundred and three participants were recruited during inpatient admission following moderate to severe TBI. Participants completed an initial assessment soon after injury and were reassessed at 3, 6, and 12 months, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years postinjury. The Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-fourth edition was used to diagnose pre- and postinjury PTSD and other psychiatric disorders. The Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOSE) and the Quality of Life Inventory (QOLI) were used to evaluate functional and psychosocial outcome from 6 months postinjury. RESULTS: The frequency of PTSD ranged between 0.5 and 9.4% during the 5-year period, increasing throughout the first 12 months and declining thereafter. After controlling for other predictors, shorter posttraumatic amnesia duration (odds ratio = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.92-1.00), other concurrent psychiatric disorder (odds ratio = 14.22, 95% CI = 2.68-75.38), and lower GOSE (odds ratio = 0.38, 95% CI = 0.20-0.72) and QOLI scores (odds ratio = 0.97, 95% CI = 0.95-0.97) were associated with greater odds of having injury-related PTSD. DISCUSSION: The results of this study indicate that while shorter posttraumatic amnesia duration is associated with PTSD, greater TBI severity does not prevent PTSD from evolving. Patients with PTSD experienced high rates of psychiatric comorbidity and poorer functional and quality of life outcomes after TBI. CONCLUSION: There is a need to direct clinical attention to early identification and treatment of PTSD following TBI to improve outcomes.|
|Received:||30 August 2014|
|Accepted:||4 June 2015|
|Published:||17 June 2015|