- The study was composed as a randomized, parallel, single-center study with a nutritional intervention duration of 12 weeks.
- To pursue this research whole soy foods corresponding to 30 g/day soy protein were given in substitution of animal foods containing the same protein amount.
- Researchers found that soy nutritional intervention resulted in a lessening in the number of MetS features in 13/26 subjects.
- In addition, in the soy group they observed a significant improvement of median percentage changes for body weight (-1.5 %) and BMI (-1.5 %), and additionally for atherogenic lipid markers, namely TC (-4.85 %), LDL-C (-5.25 %), non-HDL-C (-7.14 %) and apoB (-14.8 %).
- Since the majority of the studied variables were strongly correlated, 3 factors were identified which explained the majority (52 %) of the total variance in the whole data set.
- Among them, factor 1, which loaded lipid and adipose variables, clarified the 22 % of aggregate variance, demonstrating a statistically significant difference between treatment arms (p = 0.002).