Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:

Sunday, August 7, 2016

Early Rehabilitation Aggravates Brain Damage after Stroke via Enhanced Activation of Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate Oxidase (NOX)

I can't tell what this is supposed to suggest.  Translate rat time to human time and don't start therapy until after that?



Although physical exercise has emerged as a potential therapeutic modality for functional deficits following ischemic stroke, the extent of this effect appears to be contingent upon the time of exercise initiation. In the present study, we assessed how exercise timing affected brain damage through hyperglycolysis-associated NADPH oxidase (NOX) activation.


Using an intraluminal filament, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2h and assigned to one non-exercise and three exercise groups. Exercise on Rota-rod was initiated for 30min at 6h (considered very early), at 24h (early), and at day 3 (relatively late) after reperfusion. Lactate production was measured 30min after exercise completion, and NOX activity and protein expression of NOX subunits (p47phox, gp91phox, p22phox and p67phox) and glucose transporter 1 and 3 (Glut-1 and −3) were measured at 3 and 24h after exercise. Apoptotic cell death was determined at 24h after exercise.


Lactate production and Glut-1 and Glut-3 expression were increased after very early exercise (6h), but not after late exercise (3 days), suggesting hyperglycolysis. NOX activity was increased with the initiation of exercise at 6h (P<0.05), but not 24h or 3 days, following stroke. Early (6 and 24h), but not late (3 days), post-stroke exercise was associated with increased (P<0.05) expression of the NOX protein subunit p47phox, gp91phoxand p67phox. This may have led to enhanced apoptosis after early exercise in ischemic rats.


Hyperglycolysis and NOX activation was associated with an elevation in apoptotic cell death after very early exercise, and the detrimental effect of exercise on stroke recovery began to decrease when exercise was initiated 24h after reperfusion.

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