Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:http://oc1dean.blogspot.com/2010/11/my-background-story_8.html

Friday, July 6, 2018

Low Serum Calcium and Magnesium Levels and Rupture of Intracranial Aneurysms

I have no understanding what this means in plain words so you'll have to trust your doctor on this.
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/49/7/1747?platform=hootsuite
Anil Can, Robert F. Rudy, Victor M. Castro, Dmitriy Dligach, Sean Finan, Sheng Yu, Vivian Gainer, Nancy A. Shadick, Guergana Savova, Shawn Murphy, Tianxi Cai, Scott T. Weiss, Rose Du
https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.020963
Originally published May 29, 2018


Abstract

Background and Purpose—Both low serum calcium and magnesium levels have been associated with the extent of bleeding in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, suggesting hypocalcemia- and hypomagnesemia-induced coagulopathy as a possible underlying mechanism. We hypothesized that serum albumin-corrected total calcium and magnesium levels are associated with ruptured intracranial aneurysms.
Methods—The medical records of 4701 patients, including 1201 prospective patients, diagnosed at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital between 1990 and 2016 were reviewed and analyzed. One thousand two hundred seventy-five patients had available serum calcium, magnesium, and albumin values within 1 day of diagnosis. Individuals were divided into cases with ruptured aneurysms and controls with unruptured aneurysms. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the association between serum albumin-corrected total calcium and magnesium levels and ruptured aneurysms.
Results—In multivariable analysis, both albumin-corrected calcium (odds ratio, 0.33; 95% confidence interval, 0.27–0.40) and magnesium (odds ratio, 0.40; 95% confidence interval, 0.28–0.55) were significantly and inversely associated with ruptured intracranial aneurysms.
Conclusions—In this large case–control study, hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia at diagnosis were significantly associated with ruptured aneurysms. Impaired hemostasis caused by hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia may explain this association.

Introduction

Recently, both hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia have been significantly associated with extent of bleeding in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage.13 Because both calcium and magnesium are involved in platelet function and the coagulation cascade, impaired hemostasis caused by hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia may explain this association.2,46 In addition, hypomagnesemia has been associated with severity of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and related complications such as delayed cerebral ischemia,7 although conflicting results have been reported.8 However, studies investigating this association in the context of intracranial aneurysm rupture risk are lacking. Here, we present a large case–control study investigating the association between albumin-corrected total calcium and magnesium values at admission and the risk of aSAH.
More at link. 

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