After an ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, lifestyle interventions reduce systolic blood pressure but do not improve other outcomes
How the review was done
- people had a previous ischemic stroke or TIA;
- lifestyle interventions focused on changing behaviour, improving fitness levels through exercise, or both;
- lifestyle interventions were mostly compared with usual care;
- most interventions were done over 2 to 12 months; and
- most people were followed for 2 to 6 months.
What the researchers found
- reduced systolic blood pressure by an average 3.6 mm Hg;
- improved physical activity levels in some trials but not in others; and
- were no better for reducing CV events, deaths, diastolic blood pressure, or total cholesterol levels.