Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:http://oc1dean.blogspot.com/2010/11/my-background-story_8.html

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Canadian stroke best practice recommendations: Stroke rehabilitation practice guidelines, update 2015

Efficacy is mentioned 5 times but no percentages are ever listed. Results are not referred to as coming from using such and such a protocol. Protocol is only referred to 2 times and never points to the actual protocol. All in all a vast disappointment.  Using the word 'care' anywhere in here is a total copout.
 
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1747493016643553
First Published April 14, 2016 Research Article



Stroke rehabilitation is a progressive, dynamic, goal-orientated process aimed at enabling a person with impairment to reach their optimal physical, cognitive, emotional, communicative, social and/or functional activity level. After a stroke, patients often continue to require rehabilitation for persistent deficits related to spasticity, upper and lower extremity dysfunction, shoulder and central pain, mobility/gait, dysphagia, vision, and communication. Each year in Canada 62,000 people experience a stroke. Among stroke survivors, over 6500 individuals access in-patient stroke rehabilitation and stay a median of 30 days (inter-quartile range 19 to 45 days). The 2015 update of the Canadian Stroke Best Practice Recommendations: Stroke Rehabilitation Practice Guidelines is a comprehensive summary of current evidence-based recommendations for all members of multidisciplinary teams working in a range of settings, who provide care to patients following stroke. These recommendations have been developed to address both the organization of stroke rehabilitation within a system of care (i.e., Initial Rehabilitation Assessment; Stroke Rehabilitation Units; Stroke Rehabilitation Teams; Delivery; Outpatient and Community-Based Rehabilitation), and specific interventions and management in stroke recovery and direct clinical care (i.e., Upper Extremity Dysfunction; Lower Extremity Dysfunction; Dysphagia and Malnutrition; Visual-Perceptual Deficits; Central Pain; Communication; Life Roles). In addition, stroke happens at any age, and therefore a new section has been added to the 2015 update to highlight components of stroke rehabilitation for children who have experienced a stroke, either prenatally, as a newborn, or during childhood. All recommendations have been assigned a level of evidence which reflects the strength and quality of current research evidence available to support the recommendation. The updated Rehabilitation Clinical Practice Guidelines feature several additions that reflect new research areas and stronger evidence for already existing recommendations. It is anticipated that these guidelines will provide direction and standardization for patients, families/caregiver(s), and clinicians within Canada and internationally.

Stroke Rehabilitation is a progressive, dynamic, goal-orientated process aimed at enabling a person with impairment to reach their optimal physical, cognitive, emotional, communicative, social and functional activity level. Despite advances in the treatment of the hyperacute and acute stroke, patients often continue to require rehabilitation for persisting deficits related to spasticity, upper and lower extremity dysfunction, shoulder and central pain, mobility and gait, dysphagia, vision, perception, and communication. Each year in Canada 62,000 people experience a stroke or transient ischemic attack. Among stroke survivors, over 6500 individuals access in-patient stroke rehabilitation and stay a median of 30 days (inter-quartile range 19 to 45 days).1 Costs to the Canadian health care system are significant—as much as $3.6 billion—as a result of both hospital expenses and loss of productivity.2
Stroke rehabilitation begins soon after the initial stroke event; once the patient is medically stable and can identify goals for rehabilitation and recovery. It can be offered in a range of settings, including acute and post-acute care, inpatient rehabilitation units, outpatient and ambulatory care clinics, community clinics, programs and recreation centers, early supported discharge (ESD) services, and outreach teams. Specially trained rehabilitation team members (e.g., physicians, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech-language therapists, and nurses) assist individuals in recovering from their post stroke deficits using a variety of rehabilitation interventions.3 The length of stay and services required depend on the individual and their needs, as well as the resources available within the particular setting. Although most rehabilitation and recovery occurs within the first three months after stroke onset, stroke recovery can occur over a more extended period of time, with some patients continuing to make new gains many months and even years later. Timely initiation of rehabilitation can help improve patient outcomes and allow individuals to continue to live, work and engage in their community.
Reports on stroke rehabilitation in Canada have shown that there is variability in the provision of services in terms of type of therapy, timing, and intensity.1 In Canada, stroke patients arrive to inpatient rehabilitation in a median of 12 days from stroke onset (IQR 7–25 days), with a median total admission Functional Independence Measure® (FIM®)4 score of 74 points (IQR 56–91 points). The median length of stay for inpatient rehabilitation is 31 days, with patients gaining a median of 21 points (IQR 11–33 points gained) on the FIM®, resulting in a gain of 0.67 points per day (IQR 0.33–1.13) of inpatient rehabilitation. Almost 90% of patients are discharged having met their rehabilitation goals, and 71% return directly home. There have been reports in the literature indicating that individuals with severe stroke may have limited access to rehabilitation. In Canada, examination of administrative data found that almost half of all stroke patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation had moderate functional deficits, just over a third showed severe deficits and the remainder experienced milder degrees of deficits.
The field of research in stroke rehabilitation is very active and new evidence continues to emerge, at a rate more rapid than many other areas of stroke care. A recent study examining all randomized controlled trials published in stroke rehabilitation during 1970–2012 reported that approximately 35% had been published between 2008 and 2012.5 Moreover, interventions that aimed to improve motor outcomes accounted for nearly 60% of the total number of studies. The findings reflect the high prevalence of these issues post stroke and reflect the priority patients place on mobility and use of their upper extremities. The most current evidence supporting many stroke rehabilitation interventions and therapies have been considered for this guideline update.
This is the fifth update of the Canadian Stroke Best Practice Recommendations (CSBPR). They have been developed to provide up-to-date evidenced-based guidance across the stroke continuum of care, including separate modules for Stroke Prevention;6 Hyperacute Stroke Care;7 Acute Inpatient Stroke Management;8 Stroke Rehabilitation; Mood, Cognition and Fatigue following Stroke;9 Transitions of Care following Stroke; and Telestroke.10 The updated stroke rehabilitation recommendations apply to stroke survivors of all ages and degrees of stroke severity, and address 12 areas: initial stroke rehabilitation assessment; stroke rehabilitation units; delivery of inpatient stroke rehabilitation; outpatient and community-based rehabilitation; management of the arm and hand following stroke; mobility, balance and lower limb management; dysphagia and malnutrition; visual-perceptual deficits; central pain; language and communication; life roles and activities; and, a new section on pediatric stroke rehabilitation. The CSBPR are targeted towards all health care professionals involved in the patient’s circle of care, namely the patient, family, informal caregiver(s), working closely with the interprofessional rehabilitation team at all points along the recovery continuum. It is anticipated that disseminating and promoting the implementation of these recommendations will help to increase clinician knowledge, streamline care, reduce practice variations, optimize efficiency and ultimately improve patient outcomes after stroke within Canada and globally.
This publication describes a summary of the methodology followed to develop these recommendations and the recommendations for each of the 12 sections identified above. Additional supporting information may be found on the CSBPR website (www.strokebestpractices.ca), including a comprehensive methodology manual, detailed rationales for the recommendations with supporting evidence, health systems implications, suggested performance measures, implementation resources (i.e., evaluation, outcome measures, decision tools and templates for standing orders), a summary of the evidence, and detailed evidence tables. Readers are encouraged to access the CSBPR website for this additional information.

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