The problems that can occur:
Donor-derived brain tumor following neural stem cell transplantation in an ataxia telangiectasia patient.
Stem cell therapy for stroke -- here's what Dr Pradeep Mahajan has to say.
How is it done?
Who can undergo the treatment?
Anyone suffering from a stroke can undergo this treatment approach, and there are no specific criteria. However, it is advised that a person suffering from a stroke can undergo the therapy two weeks after an attack.
Is it common in India? What is the success rate?
The cellular therapy for stroke is not very common in India. However, people undergoing the treatment have shown a significant improvement in performing the activities of daily living, without being dependant on others. There are few hospitals in India where the therapy is done. As far as the cost is involved, it is less than that needed to undergo an organ transplant. The key is to consult a right expert, stem cell-based therapist to undergo the therapy.
*A person can show 100% improvement in the condition following the therapy. However, the success rate various based on various factors like
- The type of the stroke
- The duration of the stroke
- The location of stroke
- The age of the patient
Are there any contraindications?
Although the therapy is known to be comparatively safe, just like any other treatments, it also has some complications. However, the main ones include bleeding disorders and risk of infections. Hence, it is important o control risk factors like blood pressure, diabetes, abdominal fat and infection to improve the recovery and lower the risk of complications post therapy.
What about the after-care approach?
After the therapy, there are many things that the patient should consider. These include
It is important to undergo rehabilitation after the therapy as it helps in improving cognitive and physical function.
Also, one should be aware of the exact cause of stroke and make sure that it is taken care of. This is because there is a high chance that it might put you at risk of stroke again.
The patient can resume their day-to-day activities from day one after the therapy. It is important to be mobile and start things slowly.
Make sure that the person undergoes clinical evaluation from time to time as recommended by a doctor as it helps in knowing any key difficulty before hand and treat accordingly.
The risk factors like hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease should be taken care of as it can up the risk of a second stroke attack. Read more on how diabetes is linked with stroke.
Tests like MRI/CT scan and neurological and muscular assessment are required to be done as it helps in keeping a tab on the recovery process.
Image Source: Shutterstock