Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:

Monday, March 13, 2017

Ultra-High-Field MRI: A Snapshot of Its Growing Utility in Neuro Care - Cleveland Clinic

But nothing done on stroke yet. I could see finding white matter hyperintensities and using an intervention protocol to correct for the problems they cause.
By Stephen E. Jones, MD, PhD
Cleveland Clinic is one of about 50 institutions worldwide with a 7-tesla (7T) MRI scanner — and one of a select few that use it in close relation with an active hospital. An IRB-approved protocol is used to image patients with neurological disease for strict comparison of findings at lower magnetic fields versus 7T.

A formidable patient experience base

Over the 18-month period ending in December 2015, Cleveland Clinic used 7T to image 77 patients with the following range of diagnoses:
  • Epilepsy (n = 37)
  • Traumatic brain injury (n = 14)
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (n = 11)
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS; n = 8)
  • Brain tumor (n = 4)
  • Vasculitis (n = 1)
  • Mild cognitive impairment (n = 1)
  • Cavernous malformation (n = 1)
This collective experience of patients imaged at 7T is one of the world’s largest, and it is serving to help investigate the clinical utility of ultra-high-field MRI.

The rationale for 7T

The principal clinical advantage of 7T imaging stems from increased spatial resolution, including both in-plane voxel spacing and slice thickness. Initial experience suggests that although few lesions are seen at 7T that are not visible at a lower magnetic field, those seen at a higher field are seen with higher resolution and greater neuropathology detail — sometimes leading to an altered diagnosis not appreciated at lower fields. For example, 7T is superior for visualization of microhemorrhages, and it can reveal an increased extent of traumatic brain injury than is seen at lower fields.

The value added in an MS case

Another example is provided by the images below, which show the white matter in a patient with advanced MS. The lower-field (1.5T) image at the bottom shows a uniform field of signal hyperintensity (brightness), but the 7T image at the top allows details within the disease to be appreciated with greater resolution. Note the myriad rounded lesions that appear superimposed at 7T but appear coalesced at lower field.
MRIs of white matter in a patient with advanced MS taken at 7T (top) and at 1.5T (bottom).
Moreover, 7T reveals a central black dot at the center of nearly all lesions (arrow in the upper image shows one example), which represents the effects of blood flow in a central vein. This association is well established from microscopic pathology, and it can now be demonstrated on MRI with the advent of 7T. In the future, observation of this feature may help determine an MS diagnosis by distinguishing it from numerous look-alikes at lower magnetic field.

Another capability: Resting-state functional imaging

Another fascinating advantage of 7T involves resting-state functional imaging, in which brain networks can be revealed with the patient doing nothing in the scanner for a period of six to 10 minutes. The resting-state technique improves visualization as a result of smaller voxels as well as increased blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) response that scales favorably with magnetic field strength. Recent research with this technique could enhance targeting of intracranial electrodes for deep brain stimulation, for which identification of networks may be essential.
Dr. Jones is Vice Chair for Research and Academic Affairs in Cleveland Clinic’s Imaging Institute and holds appointments in the Epilepsy Center and Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis Treatment and Research within Cleveland Clinic’s Neurological Institute.

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