- They collected blood samples in a fasting state, and food habits were reported through a questionnaire.
- In this study, cIMT was measured by ultrasound, and VO2 max was measured by ergometer bike test.
- The risk score was calculated according to Wildman.
- In this study, they found cIMT (mean ± standard deviation) was 0.50±0.06 mm, and VO2 max values were 37.8±8.5 and 42.9±9.9 mL/kg/min, in women and men, respectively.
- No correlation was found between aerobic fitness expressed as VO2 max (mL/kg/min) and cIMT.
- By using Wildman’s definition, 12% of the subjects were classified as being at risk of CVD, and 15% had homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance.
- An aggregate of 35% of women and 25% of men had lower high–density lipoprotein cholesterol than suggested.
- Food habits did not differ between those at risk and those not at risk.
- However, aerobic fitness measured as VO2 max (mL/kg/min) differed; 47% of the subjects at risk had low aerobic fitness compared to 23% of the nonrisk subjects (P<0.001).