The goal of the study portrayed in this paper was to examine the impacts of ballroom and Latin American dancing classes on turning in people with Parkinson's. Those who danced were better able to coordinate their axial and perpendicular segments and surprisingly became more 'en bloc' in their turning behaviour, recommending this might be a beneficial adaptation, rather than a maladaptive result of Parkinson’s, as previously proposed.
- A randomized, controlled, experimental design was utilized for this study.
- Dance classes were performed in a community dance center in Southern England and all evaluations took place a gait laboratory.
- In this study, total 27 people with mild–moderate Parkinson’s participated.
- Participants were randomly allocated to receive either 20, 1–hour dancing classes over 10 weeks (n = 15), or a 'usual care' control group (n = 12).
- Movement of the head, pelvis, and feet amid turning in people with Parkinson's are influenced by dancing with tighter coupling of body segments.
- Significant 4–way interactions between the groups, over time and turn style, with longer latency of the head (p = 0.008) and greater rotation in the pelvis (p = 0.036), alongside a trend of slower movement of the first (p = 0.063) and second (p = 0.081) foot in controls were appeared, with minimal change in dancers.
- All interactions were influenced by the type of turn.
- No important differences were found in the centre of mass displacement, turn time or clinical measures.