- Patients with first–time acute stroke were enrolled in this study.
- Participants were randomized to receive 24 sessions of either real or sham acupuncture amid an eight–week period.
- The primary outcome measure was change in National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score.
- Secondary outcome measures included changes in Barthel Index (BI), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM–D), and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain scores.
- Out of 52 patients who were randomized to receive acupuncture (n = 28) or placebo (n = 24), 10 patients in the acupuncture group and 9 patients in the placebo group failed to finish the treatment.
- In this study, total 18 patients in the acupuncture group and 15 patients in the control group finished the treatment course.
- Reduction in pain was significantly greater in the acupuncture group than in the control group (p value = 0.04).
- They found there were no important differences in the other measures between the two groups.