Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:http://oc1dean.blogspot.com/2010/11/my-background-story_8.html

Sunday, February 26, 2017

Abstract TMP40: Sociodemographic Predictors of Return to Home after Inpatient Stroke Rehabilitation

Marital status would not have been a proxy for caregiver support in my case. They kinda missed the fact that 100% recovery would be a great predictor of returning home. Cause and effect people, learn about fixing the real problem. 
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/48/Suppl_1/ATMP40
Nneka L Ifejika, Chunyan C Cai, Elizabeth A Noser, James C Grotta, Sean I Savitz

Abstract

Background: Interpersonal relationships are understudied components of the stroke treatment paradigm, which become important when patients require long-term care. In this study, we analyzed sociodemographic factors that impact return to home after inpatient rehabilitation (IR).
Methods: Stroke patients were identified by ICD9/10 code from a prospective multicenter rehabilitation registry between Jan 2005 & July 2016 (n=6447). Patients were analyzed based upon "Home" vs "Not Home" or "Married" vs "Not Married" groups. Descriptive statistics were provided for all patients. Marital status was used as a proxy for caregiver support. We hypothesized that increased discharge functional independence measure (FIM), ambulation and no insurance predicted return to home. A “return home model” was developed using multivariable regression with a stepwise approach. Odds ratio & 95% CI were calculated.
Results: 5378 patients returned Home, 1069 did not return Home. Home patients tended to be younger, married, ambulatory and minorities, with a discharge FIM>75 (p<0.0001). Aphasia, dysphagia and UTI were significantly higher in the “Not Home” group (p<0.0001). Married patients had more stroke risk factors and impairments, indicating increased caregiver needs (Figure). In the model, being a minority and being a woman increased the odds of returning home. Advancing age, being widowed, divorced, separated or never married decreased the odds of returning home. We confirmed that ambulation, increasing discharge FIM and no insurance predicted return to home (Figure).
Conclusions: Being married, a woman or a minority increases the odds of returning home after inpatient rehabilitation. Caregiver training and social support for unmarried and male patients are important areas of improvement. Strategies to ensure the successful transition of stroke rehabilitation patients to home are needed, including prospective studies of non-spousal caregiver support.

Embedded Image
  • Author Disclosures: N.L. Ifejika: Research Grant; Significant; NIH/NCATS UL1 TR000371 - Institutional Career Development Award, Previous Funding: NIH/NINDS Diversity Supplement to P50 NS 044227, University of Texas SPOTRIAS. C.C. Cai: None. E.A. Noser: None. J.C. Grotta: Research Grant; Modest; AHA, PCORI, Genentech. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Frazer Ltd, Stryker. Research Grant; Significant; yes, yes, yes. Consultant/Advisory Board; Significant; yes, yes. S.I. Savitz: None.

No comments:

Post a Comment