Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:http://oc1dean.blogspot.com/2010/11/my-background-story_8.html

Monday, February 27, 2017

The Assessment of Motor Fatigability in Persons With Multiple Sclerosis

Obviously we have no similar research for stroke. Because we have NO stroke leadership and NO stroke strategy.
In one study, two years after their stroke 10 per cent of stroke survivors said they were always tired and 30 per cent said they were sometimes tired. In another study, at least 12 months after their stroke, 50 per cent of stroke survivors said tiredness was their main problem. 

The Assessment of Motor Fatigability in Persons With Multiple Sclerosis

A Systematic Review

First Published January 1, 2017 review-article




Background. Persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) are often characterized by increased motor fatigability, which is a performance change on an objectively measured criterion after any type of voluntary muscle contractions. This review summarizes the existing literature to determine which protocols and outcome measures are best to detect or study motor fatigability and the underlying mechanisms in MS.  
Methods. Two electronic databases, PubMed and Web of Science, were searched for relevant articles published until August 2016 with a combination of multiple sclerosis, fatigability, muscle fatigue, and motor fatigue.  
Results. A total of 48 articles were retained for data extraction. A variety of fatigability protocols were reported; protocols showed differences in type (isometric vs concentric), duration (15 to 180 s), and number of contractions (fixed or until exhaustion). Also, 12 articles reported motor fatigability during functional movements, predominantly assessed by changes in walking speed; 11 studies evaluated the mechanisms underlying motor fatigability, using additional electrical nerve or transcranial magnetic stimulation. Three articles reported psychometrics of the outcomes. Conclusions. The disparity of protocols and outcome measures to study different aspects of motor fatigability in PwMS impedes direct comparison between data. Most protocols use maximal single-joint isometric contractions, with the advantage of high standardization. Because there is no head-to-head comparison of the different protocols and only limited information on psychometric properties of outcomes, there is currently no gold standard to assess motor fatigability. The disability level, disease phenotype, and studied limb may influence the assessment of motor fatigability in PwMS.

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