Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:http://oc1dean.blogspot.com/2010/11/my-background-story_8.html

Tuesday, February 28, 2017

Proportional Motor Recovery After Stroke Implications for Trial Design

Yes, novel interventions are needed. Solve the 5 causes of the neuronal cascade of death in the first week. Using Fugl-Meyer for comparison seems useless since it is totally subjective and has limited discrimination.
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/48/3/795?etoc=
Cathy M. Stinear, Winston D. Byblow, Suzanne J. Ackerley, Marie-Claire Smith, Victor M. Borges, P. Alan Barber
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Abstract

Background and Purpose—Recovery of upper-limb motor impairment after first-ever ischemic stroke is proportional to the degree of initial impairment in patients with a functional corticospinal tract (CST). This study aimed to investigate whether proportional recovery occurs in a more clinically relevant sample including patients with intracerebral hemorrhage and previous stroke.
Methods—Patients with upper-limb weakness were assessed 3 days and 3 months poststroke with the Fugl–Meyer scale. Transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to test CST function, and patients were dichotomized according to the presence of motor evoked potentials in the paretic wrist extensors. Linear regression modeling of Δ Fugl–Meyer score between 3 days and 3 months was performed, with predictors including initial impairment (66 − baseline Fugl–Meyer score), age, sex, stroke type, previous stroke, comorbidities, and upper-limb therapy dose.
Results—One hundred ninety-two patients were recruited, and 157 completed 3-month follow-up. Patients with a functional CST made a proportional recovery of 63% (95% confidence interval, 55%–70%) of initial motor impairment. The recovery of patients without a functional CST was not proportional to initial impairment and was reduced by greater CST damage.
Conclusions—Recovery of motor impairment in patients with intact CST is proportional to initial impairment and unaffected by previous stroke, type of stroke, or upper-limb therapy dose. Novel interventions that interact with the neurobiological mechanisms of recovery are needed. The generalizability of proportional recovery is such that patients with intracerebral hemorrhage and previous stroke may usefully be included in interventional rehabilitation trials.
Clinical Trial Registration—URL: http://www.anzctr.org.au. Unique identifier: ANZCTR12611000755932.

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