Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:http://oc1dean.blogspot.com/2010/11/my-background-story_8.html

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Sex Differences in Long-Term Mortality After Stroke in the INSTRUCT (INternational STRoke oUtComes sTudy)

Ask your doctor why women have poorer outcomes and what the hospital is doing to find the problem and solve for it. Doing nothing just proves their incompetency. Or is your doctor and hospital sitting on the sidelines because SOMEONE ELSE WILL SOLVE THE PROBLEM?
http://circoutcomes.ahajournals.org/content/10/2/e003436?cpetoc=

A Meta-Analysis of Individual Participant Data

Hoang T. Phan, Christopher L. Blizzard, Mathew J. Reeves, Amanda G. Thrift, Dominique Cadilhac, Jonathan Sturm, Emma Heeley, Petr Otahal, Vemmos Konstantinos, Craig Anderson, Priya Parmar, Rita Krishnamurthi, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Valery Feigin, Yannick Bejot, Norberto L. Cabral, Antonio Carolei, Simona Sacco, Nicolas Chausson, Stephane Olindo, Peter Rothwell, Carolina Silva, Manuel Correia, Rui Magalhães, Peter Appelros, Janika Kõrv, Riina Vibo, Cesar Minelli, Seana Gall
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Abstract

Background—Women are reported to have greater mortality after stroke than men, but the reasons are uncertain. We examined sex differences in mortality at 1 and 5 years after stroke and identified factors contributing to these differences.
Methods and Results—Individual participant data for incident strokes were obtained from 13 population-based incidence studies conducted in Europe, Australasia, South America, and the Caribbean between 1987 and 2013. Data on sociodemographics, stroke-related factors, prestroke health, and 1- and 5-year survival were obtained. Poisson modeling was used to estimate the mortality rate ratio (MRR) for women compared with men at 1 year (13 studies) and 5 years (8 studies) after stroke. Study-specific adjusted MRRs were pooled to create a summary estimate using random-effects meta-analysis. Overall, 16 957 participants with first-ever stroke followed up at 1 year and 13 216 followed up to 5 years were included. Crude pooled mortality was greater for women than men at 1 year (MRR 1.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.24–1.47) and 5 years (MRR 1.24; 95% confidence interval, 1.12–1.38). However, these pooled sex differences were reversed after adjustment for confounding factors (1 year MRR, 0.81; 95% confidence interval, 0.72–0.92 and 5-year MRR, 0.76; 95% confidence interval, 0.65–0.89). Confounding factors included age, prestroke functional limitations, stroke severity, and history of atrial fibrillation.
Conclusions—Greater mortality in women is mostly because of age but also stroke severity, atrial fibrillation, and prestroke functional limitations. Lower survival after stroke among the elderly is inevitable, but there may be opportunities for intervention, including better access to evidence-based care for cardiovascular and general health.

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