Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:

Thursday, September 29, 2016

Relationship Between Walking Capacity, Biopsychosocial Factors, Self-efficacy, and Walking Activity in Persons Poststroke

What is your doctor doing with this to update your stroke protocols? Or are you once again on your own doing your doctors job? You will notice that there was no attempt to objectively identify dead and damaged areas in the brain. Research that will be impossible to replicate and compare results.

Danks, Kelly A. PT, DPT; Pohlig, Ryan T. PhD; Roos, Margie PT, DPT, PhD; Wright, Tamara R. PT, DPT; Reisman, Darcy S. PT, PhD

Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy
October 2016
Vol. 40 - Issue 4: p 232–238

Background/Purpose: Many factors appear to be related to physical activity after stroke, yet it is unclear how these factors interact and which ones might be the best predictors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to examine the relationship between walking capacity and walking activity, and (2) to investigate how biopsychosocial factors and self-efficacy relate to walking activity, above and beyond walking capacity impairment poststroke.
Methods: Individuals greater than 3 months poststroke (n = 55) completed the Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), Modified Cumulative Illness Rating (MCIR) Scale, Walk 12, Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale, Functional Gait Assessment (FGA), and oxygen consumption testing. Walking activity data were collected via a StepWatch Activity Monitor. Predictors were grouped into 3 constructs: (1) walking capacity: oxygen consumption and FGA; (2) biopsychosocial: GDS, FSS, and MCIR; (3) self-efficacy: Walk 12 and ABC. Moderated sequential regression models were used to examine what factors best predicted walking activity.
Results: Walking capacity explained 35.9% (P < 0.001) of the variance in walking activity. Self-efficacy (ΔR2 = 0.15, P < 0.001) and the interaction between the FGA×ABC (ΔR2 = 0.047, P < 0.001) significantly increased the variability explained. The FGA (β = 0.37, P = 0.01), MCIR (β = -0.26, P = 0.01), and Walk 12 (β = −0.45, P = 0.00) were each individually significantly associated with walking activity.
Discussion and Conclusion: Although measures of walking capacity and self-efficacy significantly contributed to “real-world” walking activity, balance self-efficacy moderated the relationship between walking capacity and walking activity. Improving balance self-efficacy may augment walking capacity and translate to improved walking activity poststroke.
Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see Supplemental Digital Content 1,

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