Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:

Saturday, September 10, 2016

Use and Outcomes of Intravenous Thrombolysis for Acute Ischemic Stroke in Patients ≥90 Years of Age

Well you better not have a stroke over the age of 90, you may not be treated as aggressively.
  1. Richard B. Libman, MD
+ Author Affiliations
  1. From the Department of Neurology, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Hempstead, NY (R.A., E.S., J.M.K., R.B.L); Outcomes Research and Assessment Group (M.C.), Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine (E.D.P.), and Department of Neurology (Y.X.), Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC; Department of Neurology and Comprehensive Stroke Center, David Geffen School of Medicine (J.L.S.) and Division of Cardiology (G.C.F.), University of California, Los Angeles; Brigham and Women’s Heart and Vascular Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (D.L.B.); Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada (E.E.S.); and Stroke Service, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (L.H.S.).
  1. Correspondence to Jeffrey L. Saver, MD, Department of Neurology, UCLA Comprehensive Stroke Center, Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 710 Westwood, Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095. E-mail


Background and Purpose—Intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is a proven treatment for acute ischemic stroke, but there has been limited evaluation among patients aged ≥90 years.
Methods—We analyzed data from the Get With The Guidelines–Stroke national quality improvement registry from January 2009 to April 2013. Frequency, determinants, and outcomes of tPA use were compared among patients aged ≥90 and 3 younger age groups (18–64, 65–79, and 80–89 years).
Results—Among 35 708 patients from 1178 sites who arrived within 2 hours of time last known well and received tPA, 2585 (7.2%) were ≥90 years. Compared with younger patients, the rate of tPA use among patients without a documented contraindication was lower among patients aged ≥90 years (67.4% versus 84.1% in 18–89-year olds; P<0.0001). Discharge outcomes among individuals aged ≥90 years included discharge to home or acute rehabilitation in 31.4%, independent ambulation at discharge in 13.4%, symptomatic hemorrhage in 6.1%, and in-hospital mortality or hospice discharge in 36.4%. On multivariable analysis, good functional outcomes generally occurred less often and mortality more often among patients aged ≥90 years. The risk of symptomatic hemorrhage was increased compared with patients <65 years but was not significantly different than the risk in 66- to 89-year olds.
Conclusions—The use of intravenous tPA among those aged ≥90 years is lower than in younger patients. When fibrinolytic therapy is used, the risk of symptomatic hemorrhage is not higher than in 66- to 89-year olds; however, mortality is higher and functional outcomes are lower.

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