Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:http://oc1dean.blogspot.com/2010/11/my-background-story_8.html

Tuesday, April 11, 2017

B-vitamin and choline supplementation increases neuroplasticity and recovery after stroke

Whom is going to follow this up with human clinical trials and translational efforts? Our fucking failures of stroke associations certainly won't. You are on your own to hire researchers to solve this.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096999611730075X

Highlights

Dietary supplementation with B-vitamins and choline promotes recovery from stroke. How much and how long?
Supplementation promotes neuroplasticity and increased anti-oxidant activity.
Genetic deficiency in B-vitamins increases vulnerability to stroke, in vitro.

Abstract

Folates are B-vitamins that play an important role in brain function. Dietary and genetic deficiencies in folate metabolism result in elevated levels of homocysteine which have been linked to increased risk of developing a stroke. Reducing levels of homocysteine before or after a stroke through B-vitamin supplementation has been a focus of many clinical studies, however, the results remain inconsistent. Animal model systems provide a powerful mechanism to study and understand functional impact and mechanisms through which supplementation affects stroke recovery. The aim of this study was to understand the role of B-vitamins in stroke pathology using in vivo and in vitro mouse models. The first objective assessed the impact of folate deficiency prior to ischemic damage followed by B-vitamins and choline supplementation. Ischemic damage targeted the sensorimotor cortex. C57Bl/6 wild-type mice were maintained on a folic acid deficient diet for 4 weeks prior to ischemic damage to increased levels of plasma homocysteine, a risk factor for stroke. Post-operatively mice were placed on a B-vitamin and choline supplemented diet for a period of four weeks, after which motor function was assessed in mice using the rotarod, ladder beam and forepaw asymmetry tasks. The second objective was to determine how a genetic deficiency in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), an enzyme involved in folate metabolism, increases vulnerability to stroke. Primary cortical neurons were isolated from Mthfr+/+, Mthfr+/− and Mthfr−/− embryos and were exposed to in vitro models of stroke which include hypoxia or oxygen glucose deprivation. Cell viability was measured 24-h after exposure stroke like conditions in vitro. In supplemented diet mice, we report improved motor function after ischemic damage compared to mice fed a control diet after ischemic damage. Within the perilesional cortex, we show enhanced proliferation, neuroplasticity and anti-oxidant activity in mice fed the supplemented diet. A genetic MTHFR deficiency resulted in neurodegeneration after exposure to in vitro models of stroke, by activating apoptosis promoting p53-dependent mechanisms. These results suggest that one-carbon metabolism plays a significant role in recovery after stroke and MTHFR deficiency contributes to poor recovery from stroke.

Abbreviations

  • BDNF, Brain derived neurotrophic factor;
  • CD, Control diet;
  • FADD, Folic acid deficient diet;
  • OGD, Oxygen glucose deprivation;
  • Nrf-2, Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like2;
  • MTHFR, Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase;
  • SOD2, Superoxide dismutase 2;
  • SD, Supplemented diet

Keywords

  • Cerebral ischemia;
  • Homocysteine;
  • Folate;
  • Methylenetetrahydrfolate reductase;
  • Cortical plasticity
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Corresponding author at: Department of Neuroscience, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6, Canada.

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