Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:http://oc1dean.blogspot.com/2010/11/my-background-story_8.html

Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Admission Brain Cortical Volume An Independent Determinant of Poststroke Cognitive Vulnerability

So you have identified a problem. What the fuck is your suggested solution?
http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/48/8/2113?etoc=
Sharmila Sagnier, Gwenaëlle Catheline, Bixente Dilharreguy, Fanny Munsch, Antoine Bigourdan, Mathilde Poli, Sabrina Debruxelles, Stéphane Olindo, Pauline Renou, François Rouanet, Vincent Dousset, Thomas Tourdias, Igor Sibon
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Abstract

Background and Purpose—Several markers of poststroke cognitive impairment have been reported. The role of brain cortical volume remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of brain cortical volume on cognitive outcomes using a voxel-based morphometry approach in subjects without prestroke dementia.
Methods—Ischemic stroke patients were prospectively recruited 24 to 72 hours post stroke (M0). Cognition was evaluated at M0, 3 months, and 1 year (M12) using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, the Isaacs set test, and the Zazzo’s cancellation task. A 3-T brain magnetic resonance imaging was performed at M0. Grey matter (GM) was segmented using Statistical Parametric Mapping 12 software. Association between global GM volume and cognitive score slopes between M0 and M12 was evaluated using a linear mixed model. Correlations between focal GM volumes and changes in cognitive performance were evaluated using Statistical Parametric Mapping 12.
Results—Two-hundred forty-eight patients were included (mean age 65±SD 14 years old, 66% men). Global GM volume was significantly associated with changes in Montreal Cognitive Assessment scores (β=0.01; P=0.04) and in the number of errors on the Zazzo’s cancellation task (β=−0.02; P=0.04) independently of other clinical/radiological confounders. Subjects with lower GM volumes in the left fronto-temporo-insular cortex were more vulnerable to transient Montreal Cognitive Assessment and Isaacs set test impairment. Subjects with lower GM volumes in right temporo-insular cortex, together with basal ganglia, were more vulnerable to transient cognitive impairment on the Zazzo’s cancellation task.
Conclusions—Smaller cortical volumes in fronto-temporo-insular areas measured 24 to 72 hours post stroke are associated with cognitive vulnerability in the subacute stroke phase.

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