Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:http://oc1dean.blogspot.com/2010/11/my-background-story_8.html

Sunday, July 16, 2017

Abnormal EEG Responses to TMS During the Cortical Silent Period Are Associated With Hand Function in Chronic Stroke

There should always be a next steps section to propose what still needs to be done to make an intervention that actually gets survivors to 100% recovery. But since we have NO stroke leadership and NO stroke strategy this will never occur. Survivors will be screwed forever until we get that. 
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1545968317712470
First Published June 12, 2017 Research Article




Background. Abnormal brain excitability influences recovery after stroke at which time a prolonged transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)–induced electromyographic silent period is thought to reflect abnormal inhibitory interneuron excitability. Cortical excitability can be probed directly during the silent period using concurrent electroencephalography (EEG) of TMS-evoked responses. Objective. The primary study objectives were to characterize TMS-evoked cortical potentials (TEPs) using EEG and to investigate associations with persistent hand and arm motor dysfunction in individuals with chronic stroke.  
Methods. Thirteen participants with chronic stroke-related mild-moderate arm motor impairment and 12 matched controls completed a single TMS-EEG cortical excitability assessment. TEPs recorded from the vertex during cortical silent period (CSP) assessment and while at rest were used to evaluate differences in cortical excitability between stroke and control participants. Associations between TEPs and CSP duration with measures of upper extremity motor behavior were investigated. Results. Significantly increased TEP component peak amplitudes and delayed latencies were observed for stroke participants compared with controls during CSP assessment and while at rest. Delayed early TEP component (P30) peak latencies during CSP assessment were associated with less manual dexterity. CSP duration was prolonged in stroke participants, and correlated with P30 peak latency and paretic arm dysfunction.  
Conclusions. Abnormal cortical excitability directly measured by early TMS-evoked EEG responses during CSP assessment suggests abnormal cortical inhibition is associated with hand dysfunction in chronic stroke. Further investigation of abnormal cortical inhibition in specific brain networks is necessary to characterize the salient neurophysiologic mechanisms contributing to persistent motor dysfunction after stroke.

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