Deans' stroke musings

Changing stroke rehab and research worldwide now.Time is Brain!Just think of all the trillions and trillions of neurons that DIE each day because there are NO effective hyperacute therapies besides tPA(only 12% effective). I have 493 posts on hyperacute therapy, enough for researchers to spend decades proving them out. These are my personal ideas and blog on stroke rehabilitation and stroke research. Do not attempt any of these without checking with your medical provider. Unless you join me in agitating, when you need these therapies they won't be there.

What this blog is for:

Shortly after getting out of the hospital and getting NO information on the process or protocols of stroke rehabilitation and recovery I started searching on the internet and found that no other survivor received useful information. This is an attempt to cover all stroke rehabilitation information that should be readily available to survivors so they can talk with informed knowledge to their medical staff. It's quite disgusting that this information is not available from every stroke association and doctors group.
My back ground story is here:

Tuesday, February 7, 2017

New Software Automates Brain Imaging

Your doctor should be following up to see what interventions increase dendritic growth. Not following up this is pure incompetency.
Summary: Newly developed software allows researchers to study synaptic plasticity in dendritic spines.
Source: Max Planck Florida Institute For Neuroscience.
Researchers at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience have developed new software to study synaptic plasticity in dendritic spines.
When humans and animals learn and form memories, the physical structures of their brain cells change. Specifically, small protrusions called dendritic spines, which receive signals from other neurons, can grow and change shape indefinitely in response to stimulation. Scientists at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI) have observed this process, known as long-term structural plasticity, in individual spines, but doing so requires substantial time and effort. A new technique, developed by MPFI researchers, automates the process to make observing and quantifying this growth far more efficient. The open-source method is available to any scientist hoping to image plasticity as it happens in dendritic spines using Scanimage. The work was published in January 2016 in the Public Library of Science journal, PLOS ONE.
Scientists working in Ryohei Yasuda’s laboratory at MPFI are working to understand how proteins facilitate the plasticity of dendritic spines, the biological basis of learning and memory. They use 2-photon microscopy, an advanced technique for live-cell imaging, and glutamate uncaging, a technique that can induce plasticity in individual spines of interest using light. This is a meticulous process, wherein a scientist must continually focus the microscope on a single dendritic spine over an extended period, often an hour or longer. Michael Smirnov, Ph.D., Post-doctoral researcher at MPFI, developed a software that allows the computer to automatically track, image, and stimulate up to five dendritic spines at a time. “We can collect the data and figure out the proteins responsible much quicker with this [program] because we can run much more robust experiments,” said Smirnov. In addition to increasing productivity, the ability to stimulate and image multiple spines in parallel greatly decreases the cost of running these experiments.
Image shows dendritic spines.

A: Individual imaging locations are identified on a single cell. B: Parallel stimulation of dendritic spines results in changes in spine volume. C: Optimal locations for photostimulation are automatically identified on each spine prior to stimulation. image is credited to Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience.
The software is a MATLAB-based module built for Scanimage, a program already commonly used in life science laboratories. It includes an electrically tunable lens in combination with a drift correction algorithm. These aspects allow the program to identify and correct for sample movement to ensure that the microscope is consistently focused on the spines of interest throughout the duration of the experiment. The interface provides an inexpensive method for automating experiments that observe up to five dendritic spines at a time, as opposed to a single spine using existing methods.
In contrast to previous open-sourced focusing programs, this one implements a highly capable and customizable focus and drift correction system to ensure that it can be used for a variety of biological applications. “The paper explains further modifications to make the process automated,” said Smirnov. “It shares the open source code, so essentially, other people from other institutes can easily pick this up and use it for themselves.”
About this neuroscience research article
Funding: The work was supported by the National Institutes of Health, Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience, Max Planck Society.
Source: Jennifer Gutierrez – Max Planck Florida Institute For Neuroscience
Image Source: image is credited to Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience.
Original Research: Full open access research for “Automated Remote Focusing, Drift Correction, and Photostimulation to Evaluate Structural Plasticity in Dendritic Spines” by Michael S. Smirnov, Paul R. Evans, Tavita R. Garrett, Long Yan, and Ryohei Yasuda in PLOS ONE. Published online January 23 2017 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0170586
Cite This Article
Max Planck Florida Institute For Neuroscience “New Software Automates Brain Imaging.” NeuroscienceNews. NeuroscienceNews, 6 February 2017.

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